WHO Influenza Update 125 – 14 January 2011

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110115.0171
Published Date 15-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (05): WHO update 125
Date: Fri 14 Jan 2011
Source: WHO Global Alert and Response (GAR) [summ., edited]

Influenza – Update 125
URL http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/2011_01_14_GIP_surveillance/en/
14 January 2011 – Summary:
北アメリカではインフルエンザ活動性増。 主に A型(H3N2)、少数のB型インフルエンザウイルス。

現在、英国の ICU病床の25%はインフルエンザ患者利用。死者 112人。細菌感染率増加。重症例は H1N1(2009)ウイルス感染。

デンマーク ICU病床 4%をインフルエンザ患者使用 (2009/2010シーズンのピーク時と同等)。
The percentage of intensive care beds occupied by influenza cases in Denmark has reached 4%, which is as high as it was during the peak of the 2009/2010 influenza season.

モンゴル、中国北部では、A型(H3N2)ウイルスの活動性は 2010年12月第3週頃にピーク。韓国では ウイルス株の90%以上 A型 H1N1(2009)。


EuroFlu Weekly Electronic Bulletin – co-circulation of influenza B

[追加 2011-01-16 09:47]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110115.0175
Published Date 15-JAN-2011
Subject PRO> Influenza (06): Europe, comment
Date: Sat 15 Jan 2011
From: Eran Kopel
A comment re: Influenza (04): Europe 20110114.0163

20世紀に発生した 全 3回のインフルエンザ パンデミック([1918年全世界], 1957年全世界, 1968年北米) において、その後 2-5年間にわたり死亡率増加( excess mortality 超過死亡)を来たす 複数のインフルエンザの波が発生。有効なワクチンの需要増大。

1. Simonsen L, Olson DR, Viboud C, et al. Pandemic influenza and mortality: past evidence and projections for the future. In: Knobler SL, Mack A, Mahmoud A, Lemon SM, eds. The threat of pandemic influenza: are we ready?
Workshop summary. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2005:89-114.
Available at
URL http://www.nap.edu/openbook.phprecord_id=3D11150&page=3D89

2. Miller MA, Viboud C, Balinska M, Simonsen L. The signature features of influenza pandemics–implications for policy. N Engl J Med.

communicated by:
Eran Kopel, MD
Berliner 8 St
Tel Aviv, Israel

EuroFlu 2011年 1週(1月3日-1月9日)
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110114.0163
Published Date 14-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (04): Europe

Date: Fri 14 Jan 2011
Source: WHO Regional Office for Europe, EuroFlu: Weekly Electronic Bulletin [edited]
URL http://www.euroflu.org/cgi-files/bulletin_v2.cgi
Current situation — week 1/2011 [3-9 Jan 2011]

インフルエンザ様疾患(ILI) and/or 急性呼吸器感染症 (ARI)による受診率増加 (欧州の指標報告国 41か国中 20か国)。特に、欧州北部および西部。
ベースライン値 [疫学的閾値]のある 10か国中、6か国で全国閾値を越えた。(France, Ireland, Israel, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Switzerland)

Denmark, Ireland, Norway, and the United Kingdom (England)
地理的拡大に関する情報提供国 43か国中、14か国で広域に拡大し、地域的(5)、局地的(9)、散発的または活動性なし(15)。

[ブログ投稿者注: 以下は原文抜粋]
The co-circulation of influenza B with the pandemic A(H1N1) 2009 virus contrasts with the 2009/2010 season when little co-circulation of influenza B was seen.

Sentinel physicians collected 2005 respiratory specimens, of which 877 (44 per cent) were positive for influenza virus: 648 (74 per cent) were influenza A, and 229 (26 per cent) were influenza B. Of the influenza A viruses, 592 were subtyped: 536 (91 per cent) as pandemic A(H1) and 56 (9 per cent) as A(H3). …
Respiratory syncytial virus was also reported by some countries.

This week, pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 and influenza B remain the predominant viruses circulating in the Region with relatively few influenza A(H3N2) viruses being detected. Pandemic A(H1N1) 2009 dominated in 18 countries, influenza A and B co-dominated in 5 countries, while influenza B was dominant in 4 countries.

EuroFlu 52週(12月27日-2011年1月2日) & ProMED-mail Archive No. 20110107.0086
URL http://goo.gl/Ix9l5 [URL短縮 Google] または
URL http://www.google.com/buzz/101683548564074178620/hBN9FDCjZha/ProMED-mail-PRO-EDR-Influenza-02-UK-http-bit-ly

EuroFlu – Weekly Electronic Bulletin
URL http://www.euroflu.org/cgi-files/bulletin_v2.cgi
Current situation – week 52/2010
Week 52 : 27/12/2010-02/01/2011

インフルエンザ様疾患(ILI) and/or 急性呼吸器感染症 (ARI)による受診者増加 (欧州 32か国中 12か国)。大多数は 0-4歳の小児である。英国(イングランド)では、年齢グループ 5-14歳が最も多い。デンマークと英国(イングランド)はインフルエンザ活動性高。

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110107.0086
Published Date 07-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (02): UK

Date: Thu 6 Jan 2011
Source: Eurosurveillance, Volume 16, Issue 1 [abbreviated and edited]
URL http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=19760

英国内では、インフルエンザ A(H1N1)2009 (抗原性は現行 2010/11 ワクチン株類似), インフルエンザ B (主に B/Victoria/2/87 系統で、現行ワクチン株類似), 少数の散発的なインフルエンザ A(H3N2) ウイルスの同時循環。
注目すべきことは、年齢グループ 15-44歳の感染率が依然として高いこと (この年齢群は入院や死亡の主要な寄与因子でもある)。
2009年のパンデミックの最初の波のとき、市中では 5-14歳の陽性率が最高であった。

カテゴリー:Influenza A(H1N1), WHO

influenza related deaths in 2009-2010 – France

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110111.0128
Published Date 11-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (03): Egypt, France
[1] Egypt: H1N1/H5N1 fatality rates
Date: Mon 10 Jan 2011
Source: UN Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) News [edited]
URL http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportID=91586

[2] France: H1N1 fatalities, 2009-2010
Date: Tue 11 Jan 2011
Source: BEH (Bulletin Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire) 2011, no 1 [edited]
URL http://www.invs.sante.fr/beh/2011/01/#1_en

フランス国内 death certificate 死亡証明書[診断書]による 2009-2010年インフルエンザと 以前(2000年以来)の同疾患の比較。
インフルエンザ関連死 平均年齢 2009-2010年 59.4歳、以前 81.7歳。診断症例は 2009-2010年増加。両者で死亡患者の併存疾患(合併疾患)は類似。

カテゴリー:Influenza A(H1N1)

influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection – re-emerging in October 2010 – Egypt

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110103.0029
Published Date 03-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza: Egypt

Date: Mon 3 Jan 2011
Source: Daily News Egypt [edited]
URL http://www.thedailynewsegypt.com/health/qena-woman-dies-of-bird-flu-says-health-ministry.html

2010年10月から インフルエンザ re-emerge 再発生(流行)
influenza A/(H1N1) 2009 virus infection A型インフルエンザ H1N1(2009)
患者数 1272 人、このうち 死亡 56人。

死亡例の 80%は慢性疾患 (喘息、肝疾患、腎疾患など)を有していたり、妊婦であった。
2009年の患者数 10 000人に比べると少ない。
患者の大半は 17-35歳の若年成人。

“This year [2011], children account for 13 percent of those who have swine flu, and the elderly account for less than 2 percent,” [Deputy Minister of Health for Precautionary Measures Nasr] El-Sayed stated. “However, the majority of [swine flu] cases are among young adults between the ages of 17 and 35.”

Tamiflu, an antiviral drug that slows the spread of influenza, is available at all hospitals, emergency rooms, and pharmacies for LE 70 [USD 12.00] per bottle.

カテゴリー:Influenza A(H1N1)

influenza type A H1N1 (2009) – A (H3N2) and type B

[追加 2011-01-01 16:23]
Archive Number 20101231.4612
Published Date 31-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (26): Russia (SV) H1N1
Date: 27 Dec 2010
Source: News agency “Novosti” (in Russian, trans. by ATS, edited]
URL http://www.rian.ru/incidents/20101227/314123383.html

ロシア連邦 [沿ヴォルガ連邦管区] サラトフ州 州都 Saratov サラトフ市の gymnasium ギムナジウム[中等学校] No.5 の生徒 12人が A型インフルエンザ H1N1 (2009) ウイルスに感染した(検査により確認。地域保健局発表)。2010年12月21日-同月28日、4学級閉鎖。予防対策として、他の学校 2校を数日間、閉鎖。
一般住民の罹患率は 2.9%で、例年に比べて低いが、2歳未満 6.5%、7-14歳 2.4%は例年より高い。

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101231.4609
Published Date 31-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (27): WHO update 124
WHO Influenza update – 30 December 2010
URL http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/2010_12_30_GIP_surveillance/en/

Notably, the large majority of viruses that have been characterized from North America and the UK have been antigenically similar to those contained in the current trivalent influenza vaccine.

Influenza – Update 124 WHO アップデート124 米国 南東部数州でインフルエンザの疫学的閾値超。カナダ東部・中央州でも ILI インフルエンザ様疾患高率。A型 H3N2 [香港型]ウイルス多く、米国では B型も 44%。
Twitter http://twitter.com/swineflujpn/status/21015171837202432

The UK reports that [英国では流行はまだピークではないが] severe cases related primarily to influenza H1N1 (2009) continue to occur and a total of 17 have now required Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation, a form of advance respiratory support. …
[ブログ投稿者注: 最下段 英国健康保護局の報告をご覧下さい] Severe cases have been predominantly associated with H1N1 (2009), have been less than 65 y.o., and largely unvaccinated.

日本は 過去数週間多かった H3N2型から H1N1(2009)型優位になっている。

日本 2010年第46~50週[12月19日まで]の5週間では、A型インフルエンザ H1N1(2009)は分離・検出例全体の 47% (222件/471株)。第28週[2010年7月12日]以降、AH3亜型の報告数は同 H1N1(2009)を上回っていたが、第49週[2010年12月6日から]同 H1N1(2009)増加 http://goo.gl/Mu1NE [Google URL短縮サービス] 国立感染症研究所感染症情報センター
Twitter http://twitter.com/swineflujpn/status/21012765766320128

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101231.4603
Published Date 31-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (25): Europe

[1] Europe
Date: Thu 30 Dec 2010
Source: EuroFlu Bulletin 51/2010 [edited]
URL http://www.euroflu.org/cgi-files/bulletin_v2.cgi

[2] UK Date: Thu 30 Dec 2010
Source: Health Protection Agency (HPA) Weekly National Influenza
Report – week 52 (2010) [edited]
URL http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAweb&HPAwebStandard/HPAweb_C/1287147913271
英国 HPA 健康保護局
Currently, the main circulating influenza strains are influenza A /H1N1 [(2009)] and influenza B.

第36週 (2010年9月6日-)から第51週[2010年12月20日-26日]まで、インフルエンザによる死亡例 39人。死亡患者の大多数はワクチン未接種であった。
第50週(-2010年12月19日)までに英国イングランドで 2010/11 influenza vaccine シーズンインフルエンザワクチンを接種した人は 65歳以上 68.5 %、65歳未満のリスクグループ 43.0 %.

前報 10 human deaths – influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection – UK
URL https://swineflujpn.wordpress.com/2010/12/13/10-human-deaths-h1n1-2009-uk/

northern hemisphere – influenza epidemic


[追加 2010-12-25 14:15]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101224.4532
Published Date 24-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (24): Sri Lanka

Date: Fri 24 Dec 2010
From: Ronan Kelly [edited]

スリランカのインフルエンザ流行 ( A型 H1N1 2009ウイルス活動) は、WHO アップデート(12月17日) 評価に基づく CIDRAP 発表より、もっと深刻な状況で、患者はこの2週で大幅に増え、過去 3週で死者 20人。

[Mod. CP氏解説:
To some extent, it provides a justification for our decision to restrict reporting of single country data.

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101223.4519
Published Date 23-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (23): USA, Egypt, Sri Lanka
[2] Egypt & Sri Lanka
Date: Tue 21 Dec 2010
Source: CIDRAP News [abbreviated, edited]
URL http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/biosecurity/food-biosec/news/dec2110newsscan.html

エジプト 2010年10月から A型インフルエンザ H1N1 2009 感染者 計533人(うち30人死亡)。
スリランカ H1N1 2009[単価]ワクチン40万回分を[国内]配布し、さらに100万回分をWHOに依頼。
Twitter http://twitter.com/swineflujpn/status/18223342813184000

[Mod. CP氏解説:
Now that the northern hemisphere influenza epidemic is progressing rapidly, ProMED-mail will not report data on a single locality basis unless there are exceptional features. Future reporting will be in the form of regional updates.

Twitter http://twitter.com/TweetMedmail/status/18216043444965376

カテゴリー:Influenza A(H1N1)

WHO influenza update 123 – 17 December 2010

[追加 2010-12-24 16:12]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101223.4519
Published Date 23-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (23): USA, Egypt, Sri Lanka

[1] USA
Date: Fri 24 Dec 2010
Source: MMWR Weekly 59(50);1651-1655 [abbreviated, edited]
URL http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5950a4.htm?s_cid=mm5950a4_e
Update: Influenza Activity — United States, October 3–December 11, 2010
Weekly December 24, 2010

Novel Influenza A Viruses
Three cases of human infection with a novel influenza A virus were reported during November and December 2010, one each from Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, and Minnesota. Onset of the illnesses occurred in September, October, and November 2010, respectively. All 3 patients were infected with swine-origin influenza A (H3N2) viruses. Two of the 3 cases occurred in adults, and the 3rd occurred in a child. Two of the 3 patients were hospitalized; all 3 have fully recovered from their illness. The 3 cases are not related, and influenza viruses recovered from each of these cases were similar but not identical, indicating that they did not come from a common source. All 3 patients had either contact with swine or lived in areas close to swine farms. No evidence of human-to-human transmission of these viruses was identified in the 1st 2 cases, and investigation of the 3rd case is ongoing.

swine-origin influenza A (H3N2) virus のヒト感染症。全患者 3人はブタに接触したか 養豚場に近接した地域で暮らしていた。
[ブタ由来 3種(ヒト、ブタ、トリ)再集合体 インフルエンザ A型 H3N2 ウイルス 計(3人) 3株の] ヒトからヒトへのウイルス感染はない (第 3症例は調査中)。

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101221.4495
Published Date 21-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (22): WHO update 123

Date: Fri 17 Dec 2010 [but only became accessible on 20 Dec 2010]
Source: World Health Organisation (WHO), Global alert ad Response (GAR), influenza [abbreviated, edited]
URL http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/2010_12_17_GIP_surveillance/en/index.html#whatare

Countries in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere
In the United Kingdom (UK), the winter influenza epidemic is under way, particularly across England.

ILI インフルエンザ様疾患および ARI 急性呼吸器感染症の[季節発症]ベースライン値が確立している欧州 11か国中 少なくとも 2か国(ロシア連邦、ウクライナ)で両方のベースライン値を超えた(2010年12月第1週)。
11月最終週・12月第1週のA型インフルエンザの90%は H1N1 2009 。
Of the influenza A viruses that were further subtyped, 90 percent were
H1N1 (2009) and 10 percent were A(H3N2) viruses.

In the United States, levels of ILI remain at the seasonal threshold in the southwestern region but are otherwise below threshold in other parts of the country; during the past month [Nov 2010], influenza B viruses have been detected most frequently, followed by A(H3N2) viruses, and to a much lesser extent, H1N1 (2009) viruses.

Virological surveillance
The WHO Global Influenza Surveillance Network is constantly monitoring the evolution of influenza viruses.

Human Infections with swine-origin triple reassortant A(H3N2) viruses.

On 7 Dec 2010, an additional case of human infection with swine-origin triple reassortant A(H3N2) viruses in Minnesota USA was reported through IHR [ International Health Regulations ]. The Minnesota virus was confirmed by the WHO Collaborating Center in CDC Atlanta. Sequence analysis has shown that the virus is closely related but not identical to the previous swine-origin triple reassortant A(H3N2) viruses from Wisconsin and Pennsylvania in November 2010. To date a total of 6 sporadic cases of human infection of A(H3N2) triple reassortant swine viruses have been reported by CDC since 2005. No known unusual severity has been reported associated with the infection of the A(H3N2) triple reassortant swine virus in humans.

当ブログエントリー前報 三種[ヒト、ブタ、トリ]再集合体ウイルス trH3N2
URL https://swineflujpn.wordpress.com/2010/11/13/trh3n2-human-infection-usa/

human death – influenza A/(H1N1) 2009 – North Sinai governorate – Egypt

Archive Number 20101218.4467
Published Date 18-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (21): Egypt (NS) H1N1 fatal

Date: Thu 16 Dec 2010
Source: Al-Masry Al-Youm [edited]
URL http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/health-officials-report-h1n1-death-ismailia

エジプト North Sinai Governorate 北シナイ県[シナイ半島の北半分]の40歳女性は A型インフルエンザ H1N1 2009 [influenza A/(H1N1) 2009 virus]感染症で死亡 (病院 Ismailia General Hospital。隔離病棟への転室後わずか数時間で)。伝えられているところでは、重症の肺感染症のため本院に移送された。H1N1ウイルス感染は、同病院が保健省に送った血液検体により確認された。同病院では 35歳女性も H1N1ウイルス感染症の治療を受けている(同医療情報源)。

カテゴリー:Influenza A(H1N1)

predominant virus – influenza A(H1N1) 2009 – Europe – Israel – Yemen

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101216.4454
Published Date 16-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (19): Europe, Israel, Yemen
In this update:
[1] Europe 略
[2] Israel 略

[3] Yemen
Date: Tue 14 Dec 2010
Source: Yemen Post [edited]
URL http://www.yemenpost.net/Detail123456789.aspx?ID=3&SubID=2871&MainCat=3

2010年11月上旬、個人[私立]病院に入院した 9人は A型インフルエンザ H1N1 と診断され、現時点でこのうち 4人は死亡した (News Yemen ウエブサイト) [公式発表なし]。

[参照 Wikipedia]
20th Gulf Cup of Nations 2010 ガルフカップ
開会試合 2010年11月22日 イエメン対サウジアラビア
最終試合 2010年12月5日 クウェート対サウジアラビア ([*] ファン55 000人観戦)
ホスト国 イエメン
会場 イエメン アデン県 Aden アデン市 [市の人口 80万人] * May 22 Stadium [収容人数 3万人]、他 1会場
参加チーム 8か国

[Mod. CP氏解説:
… so, presumably, the patients had been hospitalised and diagnosed with H1N1 influenza prior to that date [ガルフカップ最終戦], and the information has only now been released [最終戦の後].

It is clear that the influenza season is now upon us in parts of Europe and the Middle East and that the predominant virus is the influenza (H1N1) 2009 strain.

カテゴリー:Influenza A(H1N1)

10 human deaths – influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection – UK

[追加 2010-12-18 09:53]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101217.4463
Published Date 17-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (20): WHO, Europe, UK

[1] WHO statement Date: Wed 15 Dec 2010
Source: WHO Global Alert and Response [edited]
15 December 2010
URL http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/events/en/
Influenza Recent Events
Start of the influenza season in UK: H1N1(2009) cases

英国では、特に、この 3週間の全国での influenza H1N1 (2009) [ A型インフルエンザ H1N1 2009]ウイルス重症感染者数増加 (英国 Health Protection Agency 健康保護局 HPA 発表)。

Notably, there has been no change in the antigenic character of the virus implying that the currently available vaccine should continue to provide protection.

Unusual epidemiological, clinical, or virological patterns of influenza virus infection should be immediately reported to WHO.

[2] HPA statement
Date: Fri 17 Dec 2010
Source: HPA, Health Protection Report ,Volume 4, No 50 [edited]
URL http://www.hpa.org.uk/hpr/archives/2010/news5010.htm#flu

第49週(2010年12月6日-同月12日) 英国イングランドでは インフルエンザ/インフルエンザ様疾患 (ILI)の受診率は増加し、[疫学的]ベースライン値を上回った (人口 10万人あたり 34.6人)。
Influenza activity is increasing, and levels of consultation forinfluenza-like illness in primary care have now exceeded base line thresholds in England.

– influenza A H1N1 (2009) and influenza B are the predominant circulating viruses. The virus strains circulating are well matched to the current influenza vaccine and very little antiviral resistance has been detected;

– 57 acute respiratory disease outbreaks were reported in the UK in week 49, 55 schools, one care home and one hospital;

[追加 2010-12-17 10:15]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101216.4454
Published Date 16-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/EDR> Influenza (19): Europe, Israel, Yemen
[1] Europe Date: Thu 16 Dec 2010
Source: Eurosurveillance, Volume 15, Issue 50 [edited]
URL http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=19753

Twenty nine of 86 (33.7%) specimens from patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) presenting to sentinel GPs in England in week 48 [ending 5 December], were reported as positive for influenza (eighteen influenza A H1N1 (2009), one influenza A not subtyped and ten influenza B [英国イングランド 2010年第48週 11月29日-12月5日 定点医療機関からのインフルエンザウイルス陽性 29検体中 A型H1N1 2009 18検体、B型 10、A型/亜型不明 1検体). The proportion of specimens reported to DataMart as positive for influenza has increased to 16.7% (151 of 903).

出典 (2) HPA Weekly National Influenza Report – week 49. London: Health Protection Agency; 9 Dec 2010; Available from:
URL http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1287146267647

WHO Global Alert and Response (GAR) ウェブサイト リニューアル後
URL http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/en/

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101212.4418
Published Date 12-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (18): WHO update, UK

[2] H1N1 in the UK
Date: Sat 11 Dec 2010
Source: The Independent newspaper [abbreviated & edited]
URL http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/doctors-shocked-by-spread-of-swine-flu-ndash-and-its-severity-2157407.html

英国では この6週間で(65歳未満の若年)成人 10人(大半は基礎疾患あり)が A型インフルエンザ H1N1 2009ウイルス感染症で死亡。全国的なワクチン接種率は、リスクを有する若年成人で40%。”大流行の波はないであろうが、相当数の人はまだ感受性あり”

National figures show vaccination rates are lower than in previous years, covering 66 per cent of the over-65s and 40 per cent of younger adults at risk (pregnant women and those with chronic diseases such as asthma).

[1] WHO update 122
Date: Fri 3 Dec 2010
Source: World Health Organisation (WHO), Global Alert and Response
(GAR), Influenza [abbreviated & edited]
URL http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/2010_12_03_GIP_surveillance/en/
Influenza update 122 — 3 Dec 2010

Globally, there continued to be co-circulation of influenza H1N1 (2009), A(H3N2), B viruses, with the latter 2 being predominant.
2010年11月上・中旬時点で、エチオピア、カメルーンでは influenza H1N1 (2009) virus 陽性検体数増加。

… In Sub-Saharan Africa, overall influenza activity remained low in most countries, except in Cameroon and Ethiopia, which as of early to mid- November 2010, reported a recent surge in the numbers of specimens testing positive for H1N1 (2009) virus [18 (69 percent) of 26 specimens testing positive in Ethiopia and 18 (23 percent) of 79 specimens testing positive in Cameroon].

カテゴリー:Influenza A(H1N1), WHO